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Bedford Qiao, Patrick Y. Lam In Dennis G. Hall ed. Lafrance; C. Rowley; T.
Woo; K. Fagnou Categories : Coupling reactions Organometallic chemistry Carbon-carbon bond forming reactions Catalysis.
Fiaud (ed), Malleron (ed) & Legros (ed), Handbook of Palladium-Catalysed Organic Reactions, 1e
Castro-Stephens coupling. Corey-House synthesis. Stille cross coupling. Liebeskind—Srogl coupling. These intermediates too react with nucleophiles for example carbanions derived from malonates  or with amines in allylic amination  as depicted below . Allylpalladium intermediates also feature in the Trost asymmetric allylic alkylation and the Carroll rearrangement and an oxo variation in the Saegusa oxidation. Various organic groups can bound to palladium and form stable sigma-bonded complexes. Zerovalent Pd 0 compounds include tris dibenzylideneacetone dipalladium 0 and tetrakis triphenylphosphine palladium 0.
This chemistry forms the basis of a large class of organic reactions called coupling reactions see palladium-catalyzed coupling reactions. An example is the Sonogashira reaction :. The first organopalladium IV compound was described in Palladium compounds owe their reactivity to the ease of interconversion between Pd 0 and palladium II intermediates. There is no conclusive evidence however for the involvement of Pd II to Pd IV conversions in palladium mediated organometallic reactions.
Applications of Palladium-Catalyzed C–N Cross-Coupling Reactions
This reaction was accompanied by a 1,5-hydrogen shift in the presence of amines: . The hydride shift was envisaged as taking place through a Pd IV metallacycle :.
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- Handbook of Palladium-Catalysed Organic Reactions.
In related work the intermediate associated with the hydride shift remains Pd II : . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Dickstein; Carol A. Mulrooney; Erin M. O'Brien; Barbara J. Kozlowski Organic Syntheses. Yudin Ananikov et al. Byers; Allan J. Canty; Brian W.
Skelton; Allan H.
- Cross-coupling reaction.
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